НОВАЯ ЭКОНОМИЧЕСКАЯ ГЕОГРАФИЯ В ОБЪЯСНЕНИИ ПРОСТРАНСТВЕННОГО РАЗВИТИЯ

Аннотация

В статье обобщены основные результаты Новой экономической географии (New economic geography, NEG). Показано, что NEG стремится объяснить, почему существует неравенство в пространственном распределении экономической активности агентов, от международного и регионального до городского и местного уровней. Для этого NEG выявляет микроэкономические основы центростремительных сил, приводящих к концентрации экономической активности, и центробежных сил, приводящих к рассеиванию экономической активности агентов на региональном и городском уровнях. В статье дается обзор базовых моделей NEG, развитие моделей NEG до мультирегиональных моделей, что позволяет описать сортировку, агломерацию и отбор в городах.

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Опубликована
2022-10-19
Как цитировать
ЗАХАРОВА, Евгения Александровна; ДАВЫДОВ, Денис Викторович. НОВАЯ ЭКОНОМИЧЕСКАЯ ГЕОГРАФИЯ В ОБЪЯСНЕНИИ ПРОСТРАНСТВЕННОГО РАЗВИТИЯ. ВЕСТНИК ЧЕЛЯБИНСКОГО ГОСУДАРСТВЕННОГО УНИВЕРСИТЕТА, [S.l.], n. 6(464), p. 9-20, oct. 2022. ISSN 2782-4829. Доступно на: <https://journals.csu.ru/index.php/BulletinCSU/article/view/1670>. Дата доступа: 22 apr. 2024 doi: https://doi.org/10.47475/1994-2796-2022-10602.

Ключевые слова

новая экономическая география, общее равновесие, монополистическая конкуренция, возрастающая отдача, агломерационный процесс, транспортные издержки, теоретические и эмпирические исследования

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